Popular science for Testosterone tests Jun 15, 2022

Whats the Testosterone ? and function ?

Testosterone is one of the main sex hormones in the human body. About 90% of testosterone in men comes from Leydig cells, and the rest is produced in the adrenal cortex and other tissues; about 50% of testosterone in women is synthesized by ovarian Leydig cells and portal cells and the reticular zone of adrenal cortex, and the remaining 50% It is mainly converted from androstenedione in the liver, fat, skin and other tissues. It is the precursor of estradiol synthesis in the ovary and has a certain effect on the maintenance of female gonadal function.

The main role of testosterone is to maintain male sexual function and secondary sexual characteristics, maintain male aggression awareness, and also stimulate tissue uptake of amino acids, promote nucleic acid and protein synthesis, promote muscle fiber and bone growth, and stimulate erythropoietin secretion. In addition, testosterone can also promote the body's anabolism, promote muscle and strength growth. Serum testosterone detection is to measure the content of testosterone in serum, which is a quantitative determination.


Whats the clinical significance of Testosterone rapid test ?

1. Symptoms, ①Congenital inflammation of interstitial cells in both sexes and males. The occurrence of testosterone or testicular bloody can be combined with early combination, and FSH type can expose the sexual maturity of adolescent children in advance.

2. Lowering is seen in: congenital testicular hypoplasia or agenesis, cryptorchidism, orchitis, Leydig cell tumor; anterior pituitary hypofunction, hypogonadism. Combined with serum LH and FSH test results, it can identify primary or secondary testicular hypofunction. In addition, hyperthyroidism, liver cirrhosis. Serum testosterone levels may also be low in patients with severe renal impairment and severe trauma.



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